Urologists are surgeons who treat men, women and children with problems involving the kidney, bladder, prostate and male reproductive organs. These conditions include cancer, stones, infection, incontinence, vaginal prolapse, sexual dysfunction and pelvic floor problems.

Urology trainees undergo a rigorous training program set up by the Royal College of Surgeons (RACS) and the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ), which not only involves extensive urological training, but also in general surgery, emergency medicine and intensive care.

Urologists are required to maintain their skills and knowledge by participating in Continuous Professional Development (CPD) programs with the colleges.